Notes on the dating of the homeric poems Virt cam by
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Current dating suggests that while the Mycenaean civilisation existed from around 1,600 BC - 1,100 BC, the Stonehenge sarsen's were erected around 600 years earlier and the debate has now been been laid to rest.
In the second millennium BC Mycenae was one of the major centres of Greek civilization and a military stronghold which would have dominated much of southern Greece.The renowned cyclopean walls of Tiryns and Mycenae are attributed to the Mycenaeans, also called the Achaeans or Pelasgians, and are generally assigned to the 14th and 13th centuries BCE.Greek tradition asserts that they were built by the Cyclopes, mythical one-eyed giants. In the 19th and early 20th centuries some scholars ascribed many of these walls and buildings to the ancient Pelasgians, but their history was so hard to unravel most modern works make almost no reference to them.At most, modern textbooks consider them to be the earliest inhabitants of Greece Nine significant Tholoi have been discovered in ancient Mycenae, with the so-called 'Treasury of Atreus' being the most impressive. For repeated observations prove that, as often as the area of the chamber or the tholos became crowded with corpses, the earlier remains were gathered in heaps in the corners, or buried in shallow trenches, so as to make room for the new interments. 136-7 Pennick (28), notes that the Roman author Varro compared the omphalos shape with a treasury, the name commonly applied to dome-shaped graves (such as the Treasury of Atreus at Mycenae, so described by Pausanias).Tholoi are characterised by their internal domed chamber, normally referred to as 'Beehive-shaped'. The suggestion that the Treasury of Atreus may be an omphalos of negative space, is of interest as we are told that the site was Treasury was built on the site of the old oracle of the earth goddess herself, with legends stating that Python, the serpent spirit of the earth, lays buried there having been killed by Apollo the sun god.