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Later, a powerful dynasty known as Zamorins of Calicut captured most of the Thrissur in 14th and 15th century.
Next was the turn of Portuguese who ruled Thrissur in the 16th century.
In the beginning of the 17th century the Portuguese power was reduced and Dutch became the main power.
With the help of Dutch, Cochin Royal Family recaptured Thrissur from Samoothiri in 1710.
The name Thrissur is a shortened form of Thiru-Shiva-Per-Ur (Tamil / Malayalam: തിരു-ശിവ-പേര്-ഊര്, Lord-Shiva-Name-Town) literally translates to 'The City or Town with the name of the "Lord Shiva"'.
The name owes itself to the most prominent feature of the city, that is the Vadakkumnathan Temple, which has Shiva as its presiding deity.
The Ramavarmapuram menhir is also believed to be a monument belonging to the Sangam period in the South Indian history.
Another monolithic monuments like Dolmens and rock-cut caves are at Porkulam, Chiramanengad, Eyyal, Kattakambal and Kakkad.
Thrissur has a large number of well-known temples including the Vadakkumnathan temple, Thiruvambadi Sri Krishna Temple and Paramekkavu temple, and the Guruvayur temple as well as two famous churches, the Our Lady of Lourdes Syro-Malabar Catholic Metropolitan Cathedral and the Our Lady of Dolours Syro-Malabar Catholic Basilica, the largest Christian church in India.They belong to the Megalithic Age of Kerala, which is roughly estimated between 1000 All such monuments have not been dated exactly.Some experts are of the view that these are the remnants of the Neolithic Age in the development of human technology.The monument excavated under eminent Archaeologist B. Thapar, between 19, was under the Department of Archaeology.Another megalithic monument is situated at Ariyannur in Thrissur.